Sector overView:

Ghana is working to position herself as the gateway to West Africa. KIA (Kotoka International Airport) remains the leading and preferred airport in the sub-region, having attained Category One status by the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) audit as part of their International Aviation Safety Audit (IASA) programme.Currently, Ghana is one of five countries in sub-Saharan Africa in this category. The others are Egypt, South Africa, Nigeria and Morocco. It handles the highest volume of cargo in the sub-region and has all the requisite safety facilities, recommended practices and security standards.

Ghana transport services has grown in recent years in response to the growing number of people moving into the major cities from villages in and around Ghana. On average, population in the major cities has grown about 2% per annum. Most cities have now doubled their population, and demand for intercity transportation services has been on the rise.

Road transportation is the predominant transport and accounts for 96 percent of passenger and freight traffic in Ghana.

Intercity Transport Services:

The rise in industrial activities in timber, tourism, oiland mining since the 2000’s has further compounded the need for upgrade of all the public transport services including road, rail, air and water transports.

Opportunities exists for

  • Private companies participation in adopting more modern practices and technologies to make the system more efficient through competitive bidding process for contracts set out by the ministry of Transport.
  • Investment in inland port facilities including storage and warehouse space to accommodate cargo into the ports and major transit cities.
  • For multi-national and cross-country trucking companies and other freight services to transport goods.
  • Provision of efficient and effective mass transport facilities in all regions of Ghana.
  • Necessary investment to restore the network, improve speed and axle load capacity and replace worn-out rolling stock
  • Government privatization of the State-owned Ghana Railways Corporation (GRC) through concession and to provide much greater capacity for rail haulage of containers and petroleum products.
  • Investment opportunity to link the suburbs of Accra to the central business area by rail and also links the north to the south to serve the landlocked countries north of Ghana
  • Investment opportunity to develop the rail network more extensively to handle up to handle up to 60% of solid and liquid bulk cargo haulage between the ports and the interior and /or the landlocked neighbouring countries to the north of Ghana and elsewhere.

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